Shore nourishments have been carried out worldwide for several decades and are nowadays seen as an almost routine coastal protection measure. However, the recent paradigm shift to an Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) and to an Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM) requires new concepts, models and tools for the implementation of more sustainable and environmentally friendly shore nourishments. STENCIL aims at making a first step towards the long-term goal of establishing an ICZM and EAM for shore nourishments. Joining the expertise of coastal engineers, geologists, biologists und toxicologists, STENCIL will provide improved tools and methods for the prediction of coastal hydro- and morphodynamics and assess the impact of dredging and dumping of sediments on benthic habitats and predators. The application of field measurements, laboratory experiments as well as conceptual and numerical models will result in valuable new data sets, improved prediction methods as well as process and work-flow studies to develop standardized operative observation, analysis and decision-supporting tools. Eventually, a strategy will be elaborated for future planning and monitoring of shore nourishment projects as well as for the necessary future research activities towards environment-friendly shore nourishments as low-regret measures in view of climate change. STENCIL is one of twelve collaborative projects for coastal and shelf research in the North Sea and Baltic Sea (KüNO), funded through the BMBF Framework Programme Research for Sustainable Development (FONA).
STENCIL comprises six working areas: